Book chapters| peer reviewed

Hofstetter R.W., Klepzig K.D., Villari, C., 2021. Effects of rising temperatures on ectosymbiotic communities associated with bark and ambrosia beetles. In Bark Beetle Management, Ecology, and Climate Change (pp. 303-341). Academic Press

Journal articles | peer reviewed

Hadziabdic D., Bonello P., Hamelin R., Juzwik J., Moltzan B., Rizzo D., Stewart J., Villari C., 2021. The future of forest pathology in North America. Front. Frontiers in Forests and Global Change 4:737445.

Aglietti C., Meinecke C.D., Ghelardini L., Barnes I., van der Nest A., Villari C., 2021. Rapid detection of pine pathogens Lecanosticta acicola, Dothistroma pini and septosporum on needles by probe-based LAMP assays. Forests 12:479.

Hamilton J.L., Fraedrich S.W., Nairn C.J., Mayfield A.E., Villari C., 2021. A field-portable diagnostic approach confirms laurel wilt disease diagnosis in minutes instead of days. Arboriculture & Urban Forestry 47:98-109.

McNichol B.H., Sullivan B., Munro, H., Montes C.R., Nowak J.T., Villari C., Gandhi K.J.T. 2021. Density-dependent variability in an eruptive bark beetle and its value in predicting outbreaks. Ecosphere 12:e03336.

Pandit K., Smith J., Quesada T., Villari C., Johnson D., 2020. Association of recent incidence of foliar disease in pine species in the southeastern United States with tree and climate variables. Forests 11:1155. doi:10.3390/f11111155

Hamilton J.L., Workman J.N., Nairn C.J., Fraedrich S.W., Villari C., 2020. Rapid detection of Raffaelea lauricola directly from host plant and beetle vector tissues using loop-mediated isothermal amplification. Plant Disease doi:10.1094/PDIS-02-20-0422-RE.

Hulcr J., Barnes I., De Beer Z.W., Duong T.A., Gazis R., Johnson A.J., Jusino M.A., Kasson M.T., Li, Y., Lynch S., Mayers C., Musvuugwa T., Roets F., Seltmamm K.C., Six D., Vanderpool D., Villari C. Bark beetle mycobiome: collaboratively defined research priorities on a widespread insect-fungus symbiosis. Symbiosis 81:101-113. doi:10.1007/s13199-020-00686-9

Munro H.L., Gandhi K.J.K., Barnes B.F., Montes C.R., Nowak J.T., Shepherd W.P., Villari C., Sullivan B.T, 2020. Electrophysiological and behavioral responses Dendroctonus frontalis and terebrans (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) to resin odors of host pines (Pinus spp.). Chemoecology doi:10.1007/s00049-020-00311-7.

Bonello P., Campbell F.T., Cipollini D., Conrad A.O., Farinas C., Gandhi K.J.K., Hain F.P., Parry D., Showalter D.N., Villari C., Wallin K.F., Invasive Tree Pests Devastate Ecosystems—A Proposed New Response Framework. Frontiers in Forests and Global Change 3:2. doi:

Conrad A., Villari C., Sherwood P., Bonello P., 2020. Phenotyping Austrian pine for resistance using Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy. Arboriculture & Urban Forestry 46:276-286

Munro, H. L., Sullivan, B. T., Villari, C., Gandhi, K. J. K. 2019. A review of the ecology and management of black turpentine beetle (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Environmental Entomology 48:765-783 doi:10.1093/ee/nvz050

McNichol, B. H., Montes, C. R., Barnes, B. F., Nowak, J. T., Villari, C., Gandhi, K. J. K. 2019. Interactions between southern Ips bark beetle outbreaks, prescribed fire, and loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) mortality. Forest Ecology and Management 446:164-174 doi:10.1016/j.foreco.2019.05.036

Lopez-Goldar, X., Villari, C., Bonello, P., Borg-Karlson, A. K., Grivet, D., Sampedro, L., Zas, R. 2019. Genetic variation in the constitutive defensive metabolome and its inducibility are geographically structured and largely determined by demographic processes in maritime pine. Journal of Ecology 107: 2464-2477 doi:10.1111/1365-2745.13159

Mayfiled A.E., Villari. C., Hamilton J.L., Slye J., Langston W., Oten K., Fraedrich S. 2019. First Report of Laurel Wilt Disease caused by Raffaelea lauricola on Sassafras in North Carolina. Plant Disease 103:155 doi:10.1094/PDIS-05-18-0871-PDN

Rigsby C.M., Villari C., Peterson D.L., Herms D.A., Bonello P., Cipollini D. 2019. Girdling increases survival and growth of emerald ash borer larvae on Manchurian ash. Agricultural and Forest Entomology 21:130-135. doi:

Lopez-Goldar X., Villari C., Bonello P., Borg-Karlson A.K., Grivet D., Zas R., Sampedro L. 2018. Inducibility of plant secondary metabolites in the stem predicts genetic variation in resistance against a key insect herbivore in maritime pine. Frontiers in Plant Science doi:

Villari C., Dowkiw A., Enderle R., Ghasemkhani M., Kirisits T., Kjaer E., Marčiulynienė D., McKinney L., Metzler B., Muñoz F., Rostgaard Nielsen L., Pliūra A., Stener L-G, Suchockas V., Rodriguez-Saona L., Bonello P., Cleary M. 2018. Advanced spectroscopy-based phenotyping offers a potential solution to the ash dieback epidemic. Scientific Reports 8:17448 doi:

Mason C.J., Keefover-Ring K., Villari C., Klutsch J.G., Cook S., Bonello P., Erbilgin N., Raffa K.F., Townsend P.A. 2018. Anatomical defenses against bark beetles relate to degree of historical exposure between species and are allocated independently of chemical defenses within trees. Plant, Cell and Environment doi: doi:10.1111/pce.13449

Showalter D.N., Villari C., Herms D.A., Bonello P., 2018. Drought stress increased survival and development of emerald ash borer larvae on coevolved Manchurian ash and implicates phloem-based traits in resistance. Agricultural and Forest Entomology 20:170-179. doi:10.1111/afe.12240

Mason C.J., Villari C., Keefover-Ring K., Jagemann S., Zhu J., Bonello P., Raffa K.F., 2017. Spatial and temporal components of induced plant responses in the context of herbivore life history and impact on host. Functional Ecology 31:2034-2050. doi:10.1111/1365-2435.12911

Raffa K.F., Mason C.J., Bonello P., Cook S., Erbilgin N., Keefover‐Ring K., Klutsch J.G., Villari C., Townsend P.A., 2017. Defense syndromes in lodgepole–whitebark pine ecosystems relate to degree of historical exposure to mountain pine beetles. Plant, Cell & Environment 40:1791-1806. doi:10.1111/pce.12985

Villari C., Mahaffee W.F., Mitchell T.K., Pedley K.F., Pieck M.L. & Peduto Hand F., 2017 Early detection of airborne inoculum of Magnaporthe oryzae in turfgrass fields using a quantitative LAMP assay. Plant Disease 101:170-177. doi:10.1094/PDIS-06-16-0834-RE 

Farinas C., Villari C., Martin D., Taylor N.J., Peduto Hand F., 2017 Magnaporthe oryzae perennial ryegrass pathotype causes leaf spots and blight on Japanese forest grass in Ohio. Plant Disease 101:507. doi:10.1094/PDIS-09-16-1349-PDN

Colombari F., Villari C., Simonato M., Cascone P., Ferracini C., Alma A., Guerrieri E., Battisti A., 2016. Rapid on-site identification of the biocontrol agent of the Asian chestnut gall wasp. Biocontrol Science & Technology 26:1285-1297.  doi:10.1080/09583157.2016.1195335

Linnakoski R., Jankowiak R., Villari C., Kirisits T., Solheim H., de Beer Z.W., Wingfield M.J., 2016. The Ophiostoma clavatum species complex: a newly defined group in the Ophiostomatales including three novel taxa. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 109:987-1018.  doi:10.1007/s10482-016-0700-y

Villari C., Herms D.A. Whitehill J.G.A., Cipollini F.D., Bonello P., 2016. Progress and gaps in understanding mechanisms of ash tree resistance to emerald ash borer, a model for wood-boring insects that kill angiosperms. (Invited Tansley Review) New Phytologist 209:63-79. doi:10.1111/nph.13604 [featured in the New York Times, Matter, August 27 2015]

Sherwood P*., Villari C.*, Capretti P., Bonello P., 2015. Mechanisms of induced susceptibility to Diplodia tip blight in drought-stressed Austrian pine. Tree Physiology 35:549-562. doi:10.1093/treephys/tpv026 [* Equally contributed]

Villari C., Faccoli M., Battisti A., Bonello P., Marini L., 2014. Testing phenotypic trade-offs in the chemical defence strategy of Scots pine under growth-limiting field conditions. Tree Physiology 34:919-930. doi:10.1093/treephys/tpu063 [see Commentary by Sampedro, 2014. Tree Physiology 34:915-918]

Villari C., Tomlinson J.A., Battisti A., Boonham N., Capretti P., Faccoli M., 2013. Use of loop-mediated isothermal amplification for detection of Ophiostoma clavatum, the primary blue stain fungus associated with Ips acuminatus. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 79:2527-2533. doi:10.1128/AEM.03612-12

Villari C., Battisti A., Chakraborty S., Michelozzi M., Bonello P., Faccoli M., 2012. Nutritional and pathogenic fungi associated with the pine engraver beetle trigger comparable defenses in Scots pine. Tree Physiology 32:867-879. doi:10.1093/treephys/tps056

Extension Publications

Ulyshen, M., Fraedrich, S., Cram, M., Horn, S., Villari, C., Niyas, A., Poole, E. 2019. Pest Alert Sugarberry dieback and mortality. USDA – Forest Service – R8–PR–02–19

Gandhi, K., Klepzig, K., Barnes, B., Gochnour, B., Mccarty, E., Sheehan, T., Villari C., Vogt, J. T. 2019. Bark and woodboring beetles in wind-damaged pine stands in the southern United States. Warnell School of Forestry and Natural Resources – WSFNR 19-38.

Mccarty, E., Cassidy, V., Gandhi, K., & Villari, C. 2019. Nantucket pine tip moth: An insect pest of young pine stands. Warnell School of Forestry and Natural Resources – WSFNR 19-34.

In the press